Disability Awareness

Z is for ZOLLINGER ELLISON SYNDROME (#AtoZChallenge)

Zollinger-Ellison syndrome (ZES) is characterized by the development of a tumor (gastrinoma) or tumors that secrete excessive levels of gastrin, a hormone that stimulates production of acid by the stomach. Many affected individuals develop multiple gastrinomas, which are thought to have the potential to be cancerous (malignant). In most cases, the tumors arise within the […] Read more…

Y is for YUNIS VARON SYNDROME (#AtoZChallenge)

Yunis-Varon syndrome is an extremely rare genetic multisystem disorder with defects affecting the skeletal system, ectodermal tissue (hair and teeth); and cardiorespiratory (i.e., heart and lungs) systems. It is characterized by large fontanelles, clavicular hypoplasia, characteristic facial features and/or abnormalities of fingers and toes. Characteristic features may include microcephaly, ear abnormalities, anteverted nares, midfacial hypoplasia, […] Read more…

X is for XYY SYNDROME (#AtoZChallenge)

XYY syndrome is a rare chromosomal disorder that affects males. It is caused by the presence of an extra Y chromosome. Males normally have one X and one Y chromosome. However, individuals with this syndrome have one X and two Y chromosomes. Affected individuals are usually very tall. Many experience severe acne during adolescence. Additional […] Read more…

W is for WYBURN MASON SYNDROME (#AtoZChallenge)

Wyburn-Mason syndrome is an extremely rare nonhereditary disorder that is present at birth (congenital). Affected infants have arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), which are developmental abnormalities affecting the blood vessels, specifically the arteries, veins and capillaries. Arteries typically carry oxygen-rich blood from the heart to body cells, while veins transport oxygen-deficient blood to the heart and lungs […] Read more…

V is for VOGT-KOYANAGI-HARADA DISEASE (#AtoZChallenge)

Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease is a rare disorder of unknown origin that affects many body systems, including as the eyes, ears, skin, and the covering of the brain and spinal cord (the meninges). The most noticeable symptom is a rapid loss of vision. There may also be neurological signs such as severe headache, vertigo, nausea, and drowsiness. […] Read more…

U is for USHER SYNDROME (#AtoZChallenge)

Usher syndrome is a rare inherited disorder primarily characterized by deafness due to an impaired ability of the auditory nerves to transmit sensory input to the brain (sensorineual hearing loss) accompanied by retinitis pigmentosa, a disorder that causes progressive loss of vision. Researchers have identified three types of Usher syndrome and debated the existence of […] Read more…

T is for TIETZE SYNDROME (#AtoZChallenge)

Tietze syndrome is a rare, inflammatory disorder characterized by chest pain and swelling of the cartilage of one or more of the upper ribs (costochondral junction). Onset of pain may be gradual or sudden and may spread to affect the arms and/or shoulders. Tietze syndrome is considered a benign syndrome and, in some cases, may […] Read more…

S is for SOTOS SYNDROME (#AtoZChallenge)

Sotos syndrome is a genetic disorder, described in 1964, characterized by excessive growth prenatally and postnatally, a large dolichocephalic (elongated) head, distinctive facial configuration, and a non-progressive neurological disorder with intellectual disability. Advanced bone age is present in approximately 75 to 85% of patients. For More Information go to Sotos Syndrome Support Association Read more…

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