Hand of an elderly holding hand of younger

As we get older, we have to accept that our bodies won’t stay as strong and as healthy. And, unfortunately, as time goes on the more prone we are to getting health problems. And where it’s highly unlikely that we will get through life without facing one or two health issues, there are things that can be done to help slow the process or to reduce your chances of getting ill.

Arthritis

Arthritis is where the joint becomes inflamed. There are over 100 types, and not many of them are curable – you can learn more here. However, you can reduce your risk of arthritis and even help if you already have it through simple means. Introducing fish into your diet will help as the Omega 3 can help to reduce inflammation, you should also look at controlling your weight through your diet and regular exercise. Excess weight can put a lot of pressure on your joints, and seeing as over time the spongy cartilage in your joints is worn away, the pressure causes raw bones to grind on each other. Exercise can help you to control your weight, and it helps to keep joints mobile.

High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

High blood pressure can seriously increase your risk of kidney disease, a stroke or a heart attack. Hypertension can’t always be controlled, but there are ways to monitor it and to reduce your risk of getting it. Again, diet and exercise are your two main points of call. Maintaining a healthy weight is key to keeping your blood pressure down, as is lowering your salt intake and your alcohol consumption. You don’t necessarily have to cut them out completely, but you do need to moderate it. Stress can also affect your blood pressure.

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

This disease mainly affects smokers over the over of 45. It can cause damage to the lung’s air sacs and permanent inflammation of the airways. It is also largely avoidable; by not smoking and staying clear of places with heavy dust or chemical atmospheres you will probably never encounter this disease. The longer and more you smoke the higher chance of getting it, so quit smoking. Regular exercise will help to open up the throat, and so can inhalers which you can learn more about here. It can’t be cured or reversed, but it can be controlled.

Coronary Heart Disease

This type of heart disease is when plaque builds up in the coronary arteries over many years. This restricts the flow of oxygenated blood traveling to and from the heart, which puts you at risk of heart attacks. The ‘good diet’ requirements for preventing coronary heart disease means a balanced diet with no foods that have saturated fats. You should also exercise, quit smoking, and reduce your alcohol intake. Annoyingly, heart disease can be affected by high blood pressure and diabetes – so these things do go hand in hand, and controlling one means controlling the other.